About Lawngtlai District
The Districts shares its boundaries with Lunglei and Saiha District in the north and south respectively. Lawngtlai District covers an area of 2258 sq.kms with the population of 73,685 ( 2001 Census). The inhabitants of the District are mainly the ethnic groups of tribals like Lai and Chakma, who are among the minor tribal communities of Mizoram. The main occupation is cultivation and the rural population largely depends on agriculture for their subsistence. The physical feature is mainly hilly except with long narrow strip of low lying area along the western side of Chamdur Valley .
Lawngtlai District has various types of uniqueness and peculiarity. There are two Autonomous District Councils within the District. The two-in-one District comprises the Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) and the Chakma Autonomous District Council(CADC) with their headquarters at Lawngtlai and Kamalanagar respectively. Having separate Autonomous Legislature, Excecutive and Judiciary, the Lais and the Chakmas administered their respective Autonomous regions in accordance with the provisions of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India.
Geographical and Demographical.
Lawngtlai District is one of the administrative Districts in Mizoram. The District was created on the 11th November, 1998 (Vide: Government of Mizoram notification No. A. 60011/21/95-GAD. Dated Aizawl, the 11th November, 1998) . It is located in the southern most part of Mizoram having international boundaries with Bangladesh in the west and Myanmar in the east. The district is bounded by Lunglei and Saiha District in the north and in the south respectively. Lawngtlai District covered an area of 2258 Sq.km with population of 69803. The physical feature is mainly hilly except some small strip of low lying area a long the western side of Chamdur Valley . The hills are of a mountainous system with a soft earth surface. Landslide disaster is a common seen especially during rainy season throughout the area. The western side of the district is covered by thick virgin forest. The main rivers are Chhimtuipui river, Ngengpui River , Chawngte River and Tuiphal River . The average annual rainfall is about 285 cm.
In comparing with other districts in Mizoram, Lawngtlai district has various types of uniqueness and peculiarity. There are two Autonomous District Councils within the district. The two-in-one district comprises the Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) and the Chakma District Council (CADC) with their Headquarters at Lawngtlai and Kamalanagar respectively. Having separate autonomous Legislature, the Lais and the Chakmas are administered their respective autonomous regions. Whereas civil administration including al kinds of criminal cases come under Jurisdiction of the Deputy Commissioner (DC) all cases tribal under customary laws are vested within the Jurisdiction of the Autonomous District Councils.
Lawngtlai is the Headquarters of the District. It comprises three administrative Sub-Divisions and four Rural Development Blocks.
The Civil Sub-Divisions are :
(a) Lawngtlai Civil Sub-Division
(b) Chawngte Civil Sub-Division
(c) Sangau Civil Sub-Division
The four Rural Development Blocks are:
(b) Bungtlang S RD Block
(c) Sangau RD Block
(d) Chawngte RD Block